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A: The background and aim of our program

Since about the last quarter of the 20th century, the international community has been drastically changing, as a result of

  1. global flows of goods, services, and finance,
  2. population movement crossing the borders,
  3. the rapid spread of the information technology, and also
  4. political liberalization and democratization, especially following the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. @

Side by side, people@throughout the world, in both developing and developed countries, have become to live under varied conditions of insecurity, such as@poverty, calamity, poor environmental hygiene, nutrition disorder, and social unrest, international epidemics such as HIV/AIDS and SARS, environmental pollution and food contamination, moreover terrorism and drug exchange. Most Asian countries are under these circumstances. Many people there have been suffered from lives in danger and disdain for human dignities. At the same time, at the level of the countries@there occurred social differentiation and stratification. People came to feel alienated from and dissatisfied with their government. gThe framework of stateh has been shaking little by little.

People and international community came to feel that state can not guarantee the safeties for human lives satisfactorily.Peoplefs sense of belonging to communal associations, like religious community, ethnic community, tribal community, has become stronger than their senses of belonging to the state. Under these backgrounds, the conventional idea of gnation securityh or gstate securityh@that maintained that state power and state security could sustain order and peace, on the basis of armaments@has backed away. Instead of it, a new concept of gHuman Securityh has been attracted considerable attention in the international community. This concept focuses on the safeties for human lives against epidemic (pestilence), poverty, environmental destruction and dispute, and so on. On solving the problems of Human Insecurity from the both sides of practice and research, it is needed for the leaders that they have obtained the multiple perspectives beyond the conventional academic disciplines and also for the methods that they incorporate the interdisciplinary intelligence, because the actual situation of the human insecurity of the 21st century is caused by the absolutely multiple factors. Of course, the subject of human security academically covers many fields, such as scientific fields, the humanities, and social sciences. Therefore, four Graduate Schools of our Tohoku University agreed to intellectually contribute towards constructing international society where people could be blessed with secure and stable life free from danger.

B:Program Description

Now I moved to show the general outline of our program. Our gHuman Security programh is composed of 4 courses in proportion to academic fields,

  1. gHuman Security and Food & Agricultureh course. The Graduate School of Agricultural Science takes charge of this course. This course is focusing on education and research on the individual security for foods, such as security of economic development, food diversification, quality of food (nutrition), the administration of food resources and nationalism. @@@@@@@
  2. gHuman Security and Public Healthh course. This course belongs to the Graduate School of Medicine. And this course is to clarify the actual situations of infection and contagion, prenatal infantile disorder, preventable death, threatening health and life, and improving the situations.
  3. gHuman Security and Environmenth course, which belongs to the Graduate School of Environmental Studies. This course is focusing on the education and research about what extent the environmental changes or risks, water pollution, forest pollution, and soil pollution, the destruction of ecosystem, climate change, and natural and man-made disasters, influence human lives and community life.
  4. gHuman Security and Societyh course, that is managed by the Graduate School of International Cultural Studies. This course is picking up the topics of individual and communityfs social security problems in the daily lives affected by human right, gender, conflict, refugee, and so on, and researching how the social security would be established in the changing situations of environments surrounding state and the citizens.

Speaking about gCurriculum and Degreeh, in our program there are the 2 year Masterfs course and the 3 year Doctoral course. I mention here just only the 2 year Masterfs course. The 2 year Masterfs course curriculum is composed of basically 3 pillars:

  1. Basic & Major subjects,
  2. Seminar & training, and
  3. Core subjects.

The first two pillars [1),2)] are subjects proper to each Graduate School. The third pillar [3)] is common to all Graduate Schools and also interdisciplinary subjects provided by each Graduate School, in order for students to understand the complicated structure of the problems of Human Insecurity. Students belong to one of 4 Graduate Schools and they are registered in each school (course) where they are applying the degrees. They must take 1) Basic & Major subjects and 2) Seminar & training, including writing Master theses under their supervisors, according to the curriculum guidance of their respective Graduate Schools. In addition they take 3) Core subjects. After completing totally the 30 credits and more and successfully defending the theses examination, students are awarded the degrees from their respective Graduate Schools to which they belong.




Concerning the admission and Screening: In this program, all classes are given in English, so foreign students may join in this program without learning Japanese. Both Japanese and International candidates, post-graduate students and other working members of society, like public servants in Asian countries in particular, are considered for admission. Applicants have to demonstrate competence in engineering, science, medical science, social sciences, and the humanities, and the potential talent for leadership in the field of Human Security. Tohoku Universityfs program contains varieties of educational curricula and various different disciplines, by linking 4 different institutions. Therefore it may safely be said that this is a kind of interdisciplinary education in content. The entrance examination is carried out by each graduate school separately twice a year. Students will be registered in each school (course) where they are applying after they succeed in the entrance examination. Screening will be conducted comprehensively on the basis of the submitted application documents (including research proposal), essay, school records, language ability, and the result of interview. The applicants residing inside Japan will have an interview at Tohoku University, while the applicants residing overseas are all required to have aphone interview on the date arranged beforehand.


A: The background and aim of our program

(Graduate School of Environmental Studies)

1) Launching a new program in April 2005 .The Graduate School of Environmental Studies started gHuman Security and Environmenth course from April 2005, as one of courses of gthe International Post-Graduate Program in Human Securityh project, organized by 4 different institutions with various different disciplines and academic fields of Tohoku University: the Graduate School of Agricultural Science, the Graduate School of Medicine, the Graduate School of International Cultural Studies, and the Graduate School of Environmental Studies. With the aim of making the contributions intellectually towards constructing international society where people could be blessed with secure and stable life free from danger, this project is designed to prepare the contemporary of and next generations of leaders and experts who could take an active part in the areas of policy planning and regional communities, on the international and domestic levels, for the cause of materializing gHuman Securityh.Our program is intended for both Japanese and International candidates, post-graduate students and full-fledged members of society such as national & local government employees, in Asian countries in particular, and for this end all subjects are given in English. 2) Get into the new stage of gInternational Joint Educational Projecth gThe International Post-Graduate Program in Human Securityh of Tohoku University is going to collaborate with gIndonesian Higher Human Developmenth project from this October, which is being carried out under the Japanese governmentfs development aid. The Graduate School of Agricultural Science and our Graduate School plan to promote gdouble degreeh what we call glinkageh program in Master course of each Graduate School. Indonesian students, not exceed 4 students totally, study the first year in Indonesia (Master of Public Administration, University of Brawijaya) and the second year at our each Graduate School, and they will be awarded Master degree from each Graduate School, after successfully completing subjects to be studied and defending masterfs thesis, based on the regulation of our university.